As per the Science of Astronomy, Shani known as Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second largest planet in the Solar system after Jupiter. Ten times larger than Earth in Diameter, Saturn is the farthest planet from earth with a distance of about 1.2 billion km at its closest point. Saturn is known as the Roman God of Agriculture, Justice and Strength. It is the least dense planet in the solar system. It is said that one cannot stand on the planet Saturn as it is mostly gaseous. Adorned with thousands of beautiful ringlets, Saturn is unique among the planets and is known as the jewel of solar system. Saturn’s rings are visible from Earth and can be seen with the help of a telescope. Saturn moves very slowly and it takes approximately 30 years to complete one orbit around the Sun.
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According to Numerology, number eight is governed by Saturn. Though this number entails struggles and difficulties it ensures success after great effort. As per the concept of Palmistry, middle finger is known as Saturn finger and the mount just below it is governed by Saturn. Shani is the presiding lord of Saturday known as Shanivara, the seventh day in a week.
The planet Shani or Saturn revolves around the Sun in about 30 years, which means it passes through all the twelve rashis or moonsigns in 30 years. Thus Shani Bhagavan spends on an average about two and half years in each rashi or moonsign. This movement of Shani through the moonsigns carries great importance in hindu astrology and horoscope predictions.
Importance Of Lord Shani And His Astrological Effects
Shani is the seventh planet among the Navagrahas who is the presiding lord of Makara (Capricorn) and Kumbha (Aquarius) raasis’ which are incidentally 10th and 11th houses in the zodiac. Saturn (Shani) is the star lord of Pushyami, Anuradha and Uttarabhadra constellations falling in Karkataka, Vrischika and Meena raasis respectively. For those who are born under these constellations Saturn’s Dasa starts from birth. Under Vimshottari the total dasa of Saturn is for a period of 19 years. While Shani is considered as a friend of Venus, Mercury and Rahu, He is regarded as an enemy to Sun, Moon, Mars and Kethu. With Jupiter, Shani is considered as equivalent.
He is a Yogakaraka planet for those born under Thula (Libra) and Vrushabha (Taurus) Lagnas (ascendants). Thula (Libra) raasi is his house of exaltation while Mesha (Aries) is considered as his house of debilitation. Saturn gains directional strength (Dighbala) when placed in the 7th house from Lagna. Saturn’s aspects (views) fall on 3rd, 7th, and 10th houses from where he is placed.
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Lord Shani is more known for his Blessings than his ill effects. No other graha is comparable with Lord Shani in terms of blessings. He showers with his blessings at the end of his dosha.
Shani is a Deva and son of Surya (the Hindu Sun God) and his wife Chhaya (Shadow goddess) and hence also known as Chayyaputra. He is the cousin of Yama, the Hindu God of justice. It is said that when he opened his eyes as a baby for the very first time, the sun went into an eclipse, which clearly denotes the impact of Shani on astrological charts. He is known as the greatest teacher.